Bed bugs are blood sucking parasites; the adults are reddish-brown, with oval flattened bodies, approximately 4 to 5mm in length and 1.5 to 3mm in width before feeding.
Although humans are the preferred host, bed bugs also feed on many warm- blooded animals.
They are wingless but have well developed legs allowing them to crawl up most vertical surfaces e.g. bed legs.
Their eggs, white, oval and 1mm in length have a sticky film allowing them to adhere to surfaces and crevices close to the hosts (humans).
Bed bugs hide in mattresses or cracks during the day and emerge at night to feed.
Each female lays 200 to 500 eggs that hatch in 6 to 17 days.
Bedbugs can live for a year without feeding, although they typically seek blood every five to ten days.
Their bite can cause severe itching and irritation.